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习近平:足寒伤心

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2018年10月24日 09:00:24
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(  2015年)(10月)(l6日)(,习)(近)(平)(在)(2015减)(贫)(与)(发)(展)(高)(层)(论)(坛)(发)(表)(主)(旨)(演)(讲)(,其)(中)(说)(道)(:
  “足)(寒)(伤)(心)(,民)(寒)(伤)(国)(。”我)(们)(既)(为)(11亿)(人)(脱)(贫)(而)(深)(受)(鼓)(舞)(,也)(为)(8亿)(多)(人)(仍)(然)(在)(挨)(饿)(而)(深)(为)(担)(忧)(。实)(现)(全)(球)(减)(贫)(目)(标)(依)(然)(任)(重)(道)(远)(。
  (一)()
  “足)(寒)(伤)(心)(,民)(寒)(伤)(国)(”,这)(句)(话)(出)(自)(东)(汉)(史)(学)(家)(荀)(悦)(的)(政)(论)(著)(作)(集)(《申)(鉴)(》。文)(中)(用)(人)(身)(部)(位)(来)(比)(喻)(国)(家)(构)(成)(,说)(“臣)(为)(股)(肱)(,民)(为)(手)(足)(”。——股)(肱)(之)(臣)(,自)(然)(是)(国)(之)(栋)(梁)(;而)(手)(足)(之)(民)(,则)(是)(国)(之)(根)(基)(。
  中)(国)(哲)(学)(理)(论)(的)(特)(点)(,是)(体)(现)(为)(一)(种)(整)(体)(观)(,因)(此)(落)(实)(到)(中)(医)(上)(,中)(国)(传)(统)(医)(道)(就)(不)(认)(可)(“头)(痛)(医)(头)(,脚)(痛)(医)(脚)(”的)(局)(部)(视)(野)(,而)(是)(重)(视)(人)(身)(机)(体)(的)(整)(体)(统)(一)(关)(系)(,所)(以)(才)(会)(有)(“足)(寒)(伤)(心)(”的)(说)(法)(:看)(似)(是)(足)(部)(着)(凉)(,实)(则)(会)(反)(射)(到)(心)(脏)(的)(危)(害)(上)(。
  中)(医)(理)(论)(的)(一)(体)(观)(,使)(医)(学)(不)(仅)(只)(作)(用)(于)(人)(体)(健)(康)(,更)(适)(用)(于)(国)(家)(健)(康)(。人)(体)(“足)(寒)(”,违)(背)(了)(医)(之)(道)(,就)(会)(“伤)(心)(”;国)(家)(“民)(寒)(”,违)(反)(了)(国)(之)(道)(,就)(会)(“伤)(国)(”。医)(国)(与)(医)(人)(,规)(律)(是)(共)(通)(的)(,道)(理)(是)(共)(享)(的)(,这)(便)(是)(中)(国)(文)(化)(里)(“上)(医)(医)(国)(,其)(次)(疾)(人)(”的)(概)(念)(——最)(高)(明)(的)(医)(道)(是)(医)(国)(,医)(治)(国)(家)(治)(理)(上)(的)(问)(题)(;次)(一)(等)(的)(医)(学)(才)(是)(医)(人)(,医)(治)(个)(人)(身)(体)(上)(的)(疾)(患)(。
  所)(以)(中)(国)(文)(人)(有)(“不)(为)(良)(相)(,便)(为)(良)(医)(”的)(说)(法)(,在)(思)(想)(体)(系)(和)(济)(世)(情)(怀)(上)(,良)(相)(和)(良)(医)(本)(就)(异)(曲)(同)(工)(。“进)(则)(救)(世)(,退)(则)(救)(民)(,不)(能)(为)(良)(相)(,亦)(当)(为)(良)(医)(。”
  这)(就)(能)(理)(解)(为)(何)(荀)(悦)(要)(将)(“足)(寒)(”与)(“民)(寒)(”等)(论)(:足)(部)(与)(心)(脏)(是)(人)(身)(健)(康)(的)(整)(体)(,而)(人)(民)(群)(众)(与)(国)(家)(大)(局)(是)(息)(息)(相)(关)(的)(一)(体)(,伤)(了)(人)(民)(的)(利)(益)(、寒)(了)(民)(众)(的)(信)(心)(,就)(会)(反)(映)(为)(国)(家)(利)(益)(的)(损)(害)(,就)(会)(影)(响)(到)(国)(家)(机)(体)(的)(运)(转)(。
  (二)()
  那)(么)(中)(医)(对)(人)(体)(足)(部)(是)(怎)(样)(看)(待)(的)(呢)(?是)(说)(“保)(暖)(先)(暖)(脚)(”,说)(“寒)(从)(脚)(下)(起)(”,说)(足)(部)(的)(保)(养)(是)(养)(生)(之)(首)(、是)(重)(中)(之)(重)(。因)(为)(足)(部)(有)(很)(多)(反)(射)(区)(,对)(应)(着)(脏)(腑)(器)(官)(的)(健)(康)(与)(否)(,所)(以)(才)(有)(着)(“脚)(底)(是)(第)(二)(心)(脏)(”的)(说)(法)(,足)(部)(,是)(人)(体)(养)(生)(的)(根)(本)(。
  以)(医)(道)(看)(国)(道)(,人)(民)(大)(众)(才)(是)(国)(家)(的)(根)(本)(,从)(而)(荀)(悦)(才)(有)(这)(“民)(为)(手)(足)(”、“民)(寒)(伤)(国)(”的)(比)(喻)(,足)(为)(身)(之)(根)(本)(、民)(为)(国)(之)(根)(基)(,不)(可)(使)(民)(众)(苦)(寒)(、不)(可)(使)(人)(民)(心)(寒)(,否)(则)(便)(是)(真)(正)(伤)(了)(国)(本)(。这)(层)(意)(思)(,也)(是)(习)(大)(大)(曾)(多)(次)(引)(用)(过)(的)(《尚)(书)(》里)(的)(执)(政)(理)(念)(:“民)(惟)(邦)(本)(,本)(固)(邦)(宁)(。”
  (三)()
  中)(医)(的)(保)(养)(理)(论)(又)(说)(,“头)(要)(凉)(,脚)(要)(暖)(”,头)(部)(过)(暖)(会)(头)(晕)(脑)(胀)(,足)(部)(着)(凉)(会)(伤)(风)(感)(冒)(,因)(此)(过)(去)(皇)(族)(的)(睡)(眠)(养)(生)(法)(就)(是)(“头)(睡)(玉)(石)(枕)(,脚)(踏)(乌)(拉)(草)(”。
  那)(么)(,在)(荀)(悦)(“君)(为)(元)(首)(,臣)(为)(股)(肱)(,民)(为)(手)(足)(”的)(这)(番)(比)(喻)(里)(,作)(为)(国)(之)(君)(首)(的)(政)(府)(,应)(该)(冷)(静)(自)(持)(,而)(作)(为)(手)(足)(要)(害)(的)(民)(众)(,应)(该)(首)(要)(富)(足)(。这)(样)(,才)(是)(“民)(富)(而)(国)(强)(”:
  脚)(暖)(,使)(社)(会)(基)(座)(的)(前)(进)(稳)(健)(有)(力)(,行)(之)(有)(底)(;
  头)(冷)(,使)(国)(家)(政)(策)(的)(发)(布)(沉)(稳)(清)(醒)(,行)(之)(有)(效)(。
  (四)()
  值)(得)(一)(提)(的)(是)(,在)(西)(方)(的)(神)(话)(故)(事)(里)(,足)(部)(也)(是)(致)(命)(所)(在)(。《荷)(马)(史)(诗)(》里)(讲)(,半)(神)(阿)(克)(琉)(斯)(,全)(身)(都)(被)(母)(亲)(倒)(提)(着)(浸)(泡)(于)(冥)(河)(中)(,这)(样)(能)(使)(他)(的)(每)(一)(寸)(肌)(肤)(都)(刀)(枪)(不)(入)(。但)(是)(唯)(有)(脚)(后)(跟)(,因)(为)(被)(母)(亲)(紧)(抓)(在)(手)(中)(而)(没)(有)(浸)(润)(到)(冥)(河)(河)(水)(。后)(来)(他)(参)(加)(特)(洛)(伊)(之)(战)(,英)(武)(的)(阿)(克)(琉)(斯)(战)(无)(不)(胜)(,却)(唯)(独)(被)(特)(洛)(伊)(王)(子)(一)(箭)(射)(中)(了)(脚)(后)(跟)(,这)(一)(位)(不)(死)(英)(雄)(的)(神)(话)(就)(此)(轰)(然)(倒)(塌)(。从)(而)(,“阿)(克)(琉)(斯)(之)(踵)(”这)(个)(词)(,就)(是)(形)(容)(强)(大)(力)(量)(中)(的)(薄)(弱)(环)(节)(、致)(命)(弱)(点)(。
  东)(西)(方)(的)(古)(老)(文)(化)(里)(,竟)(然)(有)(着)(惊)(人)(相)(似)(的)(隐)(喻)(,这)(不)(禁)(令)(人)(莞)(尔)(。脚)(后)(跟)(,是)(置)(阿)(克)(琉)(斯)(于)(死)(地)(的)(软)(肋)(;足)(部)(,是)(使)(身)(体)(引)(发)(病)(痛)(疾)(患)(的)(关)(键)(;民)(众)(,是)(影)(响)(国)(家)(运)(转)(正)(常)(与)(否)(的)(根)(本)(。
  (五)()
  荀)(悦)(还)(称)(,“天)(下)(国)(家)(一)(体)(也)(”,国)(家)(利)(益)(与)(人)(民)(利)(益)(一)(体)(,国)(家)(健)(康)(与)(社)(会)(健)(康)(一)(体)(,国)(家)(安)(康)(与)(百)(姓)(安)(康)(一)(体)(;那)(么)(反)(之)(同)(理)(,人)(民)(苦)(寒)(与)(国)(家)(苦)(寒)(一)(体)(,局)(部)(受)(损)(与)(整)(体)(受)(损)(一)(体)(,民)(众)(弱)(点)(与)(政)(府)(弱)(点)(一)(体)(。
  足)(寒)(则)(伤)(心)(、民)(寒)(则)(伤)(国)(,由)(此)(,我)(们)(倘)(若)(反)(而)(论)(之)(,也)(可)(以)(说)(:民)(富)(即)(国)(富)(,家)(梦)(即)(国)(梦)(,人)(心)(安)(即)(国)(之)(安)(,百)(姓)(家)(和)(,即)(国)(之)(万)(事)(和)(。
  (文)(|曹)(雅)(欣)(中)(国)(文)(化)(网)(络)(传)(播)(研)(究)(会)()
)


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